In 2006, the UN General Assembly decided to replace the Commission on Human Rights, its main political human rights body, with the new Human Rights Council. One of the key innovations of the Human Rights Council was that the Council should systematically review the human rights of all UN member states on a regular basis in what was named the Universal Periodic Review (UPR). This was to ensure that the human rights record of all states is reviewed on an equal basis without regard to the gravity of the human rights situation and ratification and reporting under specific human rights treaties. 


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